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Exploring Green Specialty Coffee Beans Varieties: Arabica's Diversity and Colombia's Common Gems

Updated: Sep 21, 2023

Have you ever wondered about the rich tapestry of green specialty coffee beans varieties within the Arabica species? Let's dive into the world of Arabica coffee and discover the Colombian treasures – Castillo, Colombia, Caturra, Tabi, and Bourbon – that make the nation's coffee scene truly remarkable.


Arabica: The Elegance of Coffee Arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) is often considered the connoisseur's choice, known for its complex flavor profiles and aromatic subtlety. Within the Arabica species, there's a world of diversity, each variety offering a unique tasting experience.


1. Castillo:

  • Developed in Colombia, Castillo was meticulously crafted to combat the notorious coffee leaf rust (roya).

  • Robust and resilient, Castillo thrives in diverse conditions, delivering a delightful cup with hints of chocolate and citrus.

2. Colombia:

  • Named after its coffee-loving homeland, the Colombia variety is a harmonious blend of Arabica strains.

  • It serves as the heart and soul of Colombian coffee, celebrated for its well-balanced acidity and rich, velvety flavors.

3. Caturra:

  • A natural mutation of Bourbon, Caturra is renowned for its compact stature, simplifying cultivation and harvest.

  • Its flavor profile is characterized by delicacy, boasting sweet and fruity notes.

4. Tabi:

  • Born in Colombia's Cauca region, Tabi is a captivating hybrid of Typica, Bourbon, and Timor.

  • Tabi's charm lies in its resistance to pests and diseases, accompanied by a smooth, fruity taste.

5. Bourbon:

  • While not indigenous to Colombia, Bourbon coffee has discovered its home in select regions.

  • Beloved for its inherent sweetness and fruity nuances, it contributes to Colombia's vibrant coffee diversity.

Colombia's Coffee Mosaic Colombia's diverse geography and microclimates create a coffee paradise, perfectly suited for nurturing these cherished Arabica varieties. The nation stands proudly among the world's foremost coffee producers and exporters, thanks to the unique blend of rich volcanic soils, elevated terrains, and the expertise of its coffee growers.


Each of these coffee varieties embodies a fragment of Colombia's coffee heritage, a testament to the nation's commitment to producing exceptional beans while embracing innovation to overcome challenges like coffee leaf rust. The next time you savor a cup of Colombian coffee, let it serve as a reminder of the artistry and dedication woven into each exquisite drop.


Celebrate the extraordinary diversity of coffee and embark on a journey to uncover the nuanced flavors of Arabica varieties, guided by the passionate coffee farmers of Colombia. #CoffeeVarieties #ColombianCoffee #ArabicaDiversity #CoffeeLovers


Costal Campesino Green Specialty Coffee Beans
Costal Campesino Specialty Coffee

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